George Orwell traveled to Spain in 1936 to report on the unfolding event but later joined the militia group to fight fascism.
Orwell arrived in Barcelona in December 1936, a few months before the Spanish civil war erupted. An attempted right-wing army coup had triggered the civil war in July 1936 against the elected, left-leaning Republican government. Orwell had later joined POUM (The Workers Party of Marxist Unification) to fight against Franco's Fascists. He was seriously wounded at Teruel in a fight with damage to his throat that permanently affected his voice. Later, in May 1937, after fighting in Barcelona against communists, he was forced to flee Spain in fear of his life. His book ‘Homage to Catalonia’ was published in 1938 and documents his account of the events during the civil war.