UV light is surging in popularity as a method for disinfecting hospitals and other public spaces. But this cannot kill the viruses in shady places.
The far Ultra Violet C light or germicidal light effectively kills the airborne influenza virus. A low dose of 1.7 and 1.2 mJ/cm2 inactivated 99.9% of aerosolized coronavirus 229E and OC43. UV lights are effectively used to disinfect hospitals and public places to kill the pathogens. It is used to disinfect and re-use hospital masks. The dose of 40mJ cm-2 of 254 nm light is generally accepted to kill at least 99.99% any pathogenic microorganism as per the International Ultraviolet Association.
The Scientific community says that as COVID-19 is a new virus, they are yet to have a specific deactivation dosage. However, they know that for a similar type of SARS virus family, a dosage of 10-20mJ/cm2 with direct UVC light of a wavelength of 254nm would give 99.9% disinfectant in a controlled lab condition. Some limitations in UV radiation are like viruses can be inactivated when they are directly exposed. Therefore, the inactivation of viruses on surfaces may not be sufficient due to blocking UV radiation by soil, dust, or other contaminants. Several of the UVC lamps sold for home use are of low dose, so it may take more prolonged exposure to a given surface area to potentially provide sufficient inactivation of a bacteria or virus.
The virus will be hidden and would be in the shade in real life. Irrespective of the wavelength, germicidal light has another shortcoming as the virus will be hidden and would be in the shade in real life. The bacteria will not be destroyed if a surface is in shadow. Shadows abound in a regular hospital room, with multiple surfaces and objects that jut out at odd angles from the floor, walls, and ceiling.
The COVID-19 pandemic has given rise to a lot of potentially dangerous misinformation. For reliable advice on COVID-19 including symptoms, prevention and available treatment, please refer to the World Health Organisation or your national healthcare authority.