The decision was taken after census data recorded in 2020 showed the lowest number of births since the 1960s.
According to BBC, the same was decided after census data showed a steep decline in the country’s birth rate. The census, released in May, reported around 12 million babies were born in the country in 2020, which is a significant decrease from the 18 million in 2016. It is also the lowest number of births recorded since the 1960s.
In 2013 couples were allowed to have a second child if either parent was an only child. In 2016 China scrapped its decades-old one-child policy and allowed two children. Meanwhile, families that broke the rules faced a loss of employment, fines, and sometimes forced abortions. However, it failed to lead to a sustained rise in the number of births.
The new move has been criticized by human rights organization Amnesty International, which said that the policy was “still a violation of sexual and reproductive rights” like its predecessors.
Therefore, the claim that China’s new policy allows couples to have three children is True.