The decision was taken after census data recorded in 2020 showed the lowest number of births since the 1960s.
The decision was taken after census data recorded in 2020 showed the lowest number of births since the 1960s.On May 31, 2021, China decided to support couples who wish to have a third child. According to a Reuters report, the same was decided in a meeting of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and was approved by President Xi Jinping. According to BBC, the same was decided after census data showed a steep decline in the country’s birth rate. The census, released in May, reported around 12 million babies were born in the country in 2020, which is a significant decrease from the 18 million in 2016. It is also the lowest number of births recorded since the 1960s. In 2013 couples were allowed to have a second child if either parent was an only child. In 2016 China scrapped its decades-old one-child policy and allowed two children. Meanwhile, families that broke the rules faced a loss of employment, fines, and sometimes forced abortions. However, it failed to lead to a sustained rise in the number of births. The new move has been criticized by human rights organization Amnesty International, which said that the policy was “still a violation of sexual and reproductive rights” like its predecessors. Therefore, the claim that China’s new policy allows couples to have three children is True.