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China is acquiring sensitive information like the DNA of foreign nationals.

The DNA samples could give China economic and military advantages to pursue its goals.

The DNA samples could give China economic and military advantages to pursue its goals. The Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI) released a report showing that police in China collected DNA samples from adolescents and men. The procedure began in late 2017, intending to collect enough samples to create a massive DNA database. The authorities have asserted that they are building this database to apprehend criminals and increase public security in China as males commit more crimes.

Meanwhile, DNA sampling has widely been criticized by activists and human rights groups. The Human Rights Watch (HRW) reported in 2017 that collecting DNA samples is a gross violation of international human rights. DNA and blood types were collected in Xinjiang through a free annual physical exam program called 'Physicals for All.'

The U.S. National Counterintelligence and Security Center (NCSC), which gives public warnings on intelligence threats to the United States, released a report on Chinese intelligence efforts against U.S. citizens. The report predominantly states that China is stealing data, including DNA files, like a biological I.D. of a person's health data, to pursue its economic, security, and foreign-policy goals.

For a long time, China has been accused of hacking the data of U.S. nationals. Since 2014, China's substantial data thefts include individual records taken from the credit agency Equifax, the hotel chain Marriott, the health insurer Anthem. In 2015, Chinese hackers broke into the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) and stole sensitive data - including fingerprint records and health data from millions of current and former U.S. officials. The U.S. Justice Department has filed charges against Chinese citizens in these cases, the NPR reported.

Reuters reported that U.S. government advisors forewarned in March 2021 that the vast genomic data (in the form of prenatal tests) the BGI group is gathering and analyzing with artificial intelligence could give economic and military advantages to China. Chinese gene firm collects genetic data from women in over 50 nations through prenatal screenings to study population characteristics, prompting concerns that such a massive DNA database might offer China a technological and strategic advantage in global medicines. This Chinese gene business collects genetic data via NiPT prenatal test under the NIFTY (Non-Invasive Fetal TrisomY) brand. Reuters found no evidence that BGI violated any agreements or regulations; however, there is a catch in the privacy policy of the NIFTY, which says data could be shared when it is directly relevant to China's security or national defense security.

With this, it is clear that China is amassing genetic data, which could give it an advantage over the others to pursue its economic, security, and foreign-policy goals.

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