In an attempt to stop the trucker convoy protests, Trudeau invoked the Emergencies Act. The measures did not include calling in the military.
On February 14, 2022, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau invoked the Emergencies Act to end the trucker's protests. According to CTV News, under the Emergencies Act, the government introduced measures intended to cut off protesters' funding and took steps to reinforce provincial and local law enforcement with federal police. Many on social media referred to it as martial law being declared. However, this is inaccurate.
In his speech to the nation, Trudeau said the move would allow the government to take various actions, including freezing protesters' bank accounts, clearing the truck blockade in Ottawa, and smaller protests that have closed border points in Alberta and Manitoba. According to The New York Times, Trudeau also stated that there weren't any plans to deploy the military.
According to the Canadian Justice Department, four emergencies are listed under the Emergencies Act. Trudeau has enacted a public order emergency. The law states, "An emergency that arises from threats to the security of Canada and that is so serious as to be a national emergency." During a public order emergency, the government must only take actions that are a reasonable and proportionate response to the risks to the safety of Canadians. The Act gives special powers to respond to emergency scenarios affecting public welfare (natural disasters, disease outbreaks), public order (civil unrest), international emergencies, or war emergencies.
Martial law is the temporary imposition of direct military control over normal civil functions by a government or the suspension of civil law. It is included in Canada's Emergencies Act. BBC News reported that during the 1970 October crisis, Trudeau's father, former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, invoked the Emergencies Act to deploy the Canadian Forces against a violent separatist group. However, Trudeau has stated that he will not deploy the military.