<img src="https://trc.taboola.com/1321591/log/3/unip?en=page_view" width="0" height="0" style="display:none">
Fact Check Library

Fact Check with Logically.

Download the Free App Today




Gender is a social construct.

The idea that gender is a social construct and not an innate characteristic is widely accepted.

The idea that gender is a social construct and not an innate characteristic is widely accepted.The World Health Organization (WHO) describes gender as "the characteristics of women, men, girls and boys that are socially constructed," adding that "gender varies from society to society and can change over time."

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) states that "gender is a social or cultural concept. It refers to the roles, behaviors, and identities that society assigns to girls and boys, women and men, and gender-diverse people. Gender is determined by how we see ourselves and each other, and how we act and interact with others."

Sex, on the other hand, is typically assigned at birth from characteristics such as chromosomes and genitalia.

As The New York Times has reported, "defining gender as a condition determined strictly by a person’s genitals is based on a notion that doctors and scientists abandoned long ago as oversimplified and often medically meaningless." Gender is thought to be at least influenced by your genetics, though. The same article explains that "In studies of twins, if one is transgender, the other is far more likely to also be transgender if they are identical, rather than fraternal twins."

If it is the case that gender is largely a social construct, then it does not follow that sex is wholly biology in nature.

Writing for the Lancet, anthropologist Katrina Alicia Karkazis explains that "debates about sex are often framed falsely as scientific versus cultural argument," adding that "it is long overdue that we understand sex not as an essential property of individuals but as a set of biological traits and social factors."

Kim Elsesser, writing for Forbes, explains that "Biological sex, it turns out, is a lot like gender identity—not always male or female, but occasionally somewhere in between."

Have a question or correction on one of our fact-checks?

If you think a claim has been misjudged or requires correction, please send us evidence to support your error claim. We will revisit our evidence and verdict and conduct additional research to verify new information.

Fact Check of the Day


397 children were diagnosed with heart inflammation after receiving Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine in U.S.