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A vaccine developed by the Gamalaya institute has been approved for public use by the Russian government.

Russia becomes the first country in the world to grant regulatory approval to a COVID-19 vaccine after less than two months of human testing.

Russia becomes the first country in the world to grant regulatory approval to a COVID-19 vaccine after less than two months of human testing.During a meeting, President Vladimir Putin announced that Russia had become the first country to register a vaccine against COVID-19. The Gamaleya Research Institute developed Russia's first vaccine against the COVID-19 and it launched clinical trials of the vaccine on June 18, and all thirty-eight volunteers developed immunity. The vaccine was named Sputnik V as a tribute to the 1957 launch of a Soviet satellite, which opened space to humans' exploration.

Russia has two COVID-19 vaccine candidates, and the first one is being developed by the Vektor State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology. The second is a vaccine produced by the Gamaleya Scientific Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology, along with the Russian Defence Ministry. According to the registration certificate, the vaccine is expected to go into public circulation on January 1, 2021.

However, scientists in Russia and abroad have been sounding the alarm that the rush to start using the vaccine before Phase 3 trials, which generally last for months and involve thousands of people, could backfire. Many scientists have raised questions about the vaccine's safety and effectiveness and said that Russian authorities' claims that the vaccine drug produced the desired immune response and published scientific data back no significant side effects.

The World Health Organisation has not approved the drug and has repeatedly said that all vaccine candidates should go through full stages of testing before being rolled out.

The COVID-19 pandemic has given rise to a lot of potentially dangerous misinformation. For reliable advice on COVID-19 including symptoms, prevention and available treatment, please refer to the World Health Organisation or your national healthcare authority.

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