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It is safe for pregnant and lactating women to receive the COVID-19 vaccine.

There is no clinical trial data on the issue, so neither any organization nor expert can assert with complete assurance that there are no risks.

There is no clinical trial data on the issue, so neither any organization nor expert can assert with complete assurance that there are no risks.The COVID-19 vaccine's clinical trials by the major vaccine manufacturers excluded pregnant and lactating women. It implies that no safety data is available at the current time to determine whether these vaccines are safe for pregnant or lactating women.

The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine states that it is unlikely that the vaccine would enter the bloodstream and reach breast tissue. If it does, it is also less likely that the entire mRNA will transfer into milk. In such an unlikely event of mRNA being present in milk, it is assumed to be digested by the child and unlikely to have any biological impacts. Although the biology is reassuring, data on outcomes once the vaccine is used in lactating women and their children is required for definitive information.

On Dec. 30, 2020, the UK government released a statement about a second vaccine authorization. The Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI) advised that those attempting to be pregnant do not need to avoid pregnancy after the vaccine shot. Breastfeeding people may be given vaccination following consideration of the woman's clinical need for immunization against COVID-19. Therefore they were no longer ineligible for a shot.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the independent Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) have provided information to support pregnant people with their choice to receive the COVID-19 vaccine. Pregnant women who were part of a group recommended to take the vaccine may decide to be vaccinated. Studies on pregnant people were planned, and reviews of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine are ongoing. Further, CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have safety monitoring systems to obtain information about vaccination during pregnancy.

We do not know whether there are negative phases or impacts during the pregnancy due to the vaccine, like an increased risk of miscarriage or baby abnormalities and any other side effects. Further research will be required to assure vaccine safety for pregnant and lactating women.

The COVID-19 pandemic has given rise to a lot of potentially dangerous misinformation. For reliable advice on COVID-19 including symptoms, prevention and available treatment, please refer to the World Health Organisation or your national healthcare authority.

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