Though scientists claim to have discovered that the "Garden of Eden” in Botswana, the discovery has attracted a lot of criticism.
The Garden of Eden is an earthly paradise, mentioned in the Bible. It is believed to have been created by God and was inhabited by Adam and Eve, his first human creation.
The researchers studied the mitochondrial DNA of some South-African residents. Mitochondrial DNA is a genetic material stored in our cells' powerhouse and is passed from mother to child. After this, their genetic data was layered with an analysis of past climate and modern linguistics.
According to Sky News, the scientists concluded after a significant study of DNA was performed. Scientists now claim that the human kinds' ancestral home is south of the Zambezi River in Botswana. Researchers conducted a study of "maternal genetic lineage of anatomically modern humans: and concluded that it was closest to those living in northern Botswana, Namibia, and Zimbabwe. The report further suggests that our ancestors lived in the area for 70,000 years before migrating elsewhere, some 130,000 years ago due to climate change. Climate change turned Africa's largest lake into what is now the Kalahari Desert, it says. This further developed humans genetically, ethnically, and culturally.
According to the author of the study, Professor Vanessa Hayes, though it was known that anatomically modern humans appeared in Africa some 200,000 years ago, it wasn't clear where they had originated in Africa.
However, the study has drawn criticism from several scientists across the world. Mark Thomas, an evolutionary geneticist at the University College London, has termed the interferences from the mitochondrial DNA data as "fundamentally flawed" and said that the study has amounted to "storytelling." A report by National Geographic questions that even if the proposed founder population is the source of our mitochondrial DNA and has contributed to a fraction of our total genetic material, there should be many other contributors to today's genetic pool.
Therefore, considering the contradictory reports on the above study, we cannot justify the above research. Thus, the claim that scientists have discovered the Garden of Eden at the south of the Zambezi River in Botswana is unverifiable.